Definition and background:
A mark placed before a note which indicates that the previously understood pitch of the note should be altered by one or two half steps ( semitones). To raise the unaltered pitch by one half step ( semitone) the sharp is used, to lower it by one half step ( semitone) the flat is used. To raise the pitch by two half steps ( semitones), a double sharp is used and to lower it by two half steps ( semitones) a double flat is used. If the key signature indicates that a note be played sharp or flat and the unaltered tone is desired, a natural is used to indicate this. Typically, the accidental alters the pitch of the note that it is attached to as well as any subsequent occurence of the same note (identical line or space) in the same measure. Notes with the same pitch name, but higher or lower octave should not be effected. Any note with an accidental that also has a tie across a barline carries the accidental to the note on the other side of the barline. Notes in the new measure that are not tied to altered notes from the previous measure are performed using the current key signature.
Symbols which are used to raised or lower the pitch of a note by one half steps. Ex: sharps, flats, and naturals
Select from a letter above to find a music term in the Artopium index, or enter a music term below to search the entire index using Google Search.
This is a collection of over 7,000 music terms and definitions used for music theory, composition, instruments and more; a dictionary compiled by Artopium.com as a resource for all musicians everywhere, but especially for Artopium.com member artists. Artopium is a consignment website dedicated to promoting and selling the works of independent artists, musicians, filmmakers, fashion designers and authors from around the world. After looking up your music term and definition, if you have't already, please peruse the thousands of titles listed on Artopium by selecting from one of the categories above (Art, Music, Fashion, Video and Books). Or if you're an artist, sign up today for free and start selling your work immediately!
Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary