Definition and background:
In part-writing, an unaccented, non- harmonic note that belongs to and is repeated in the harmony immediately following; i.e., one or more harmonic voices or parts moving to their particular position in a new chord before the other parts, or before the accent. a note sounded before the chord to which it belongs, so that at first it is heard as a discord with the preceding chord
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary