Definition and background:
Music without tonality, or music that is centered around no central key or scale. The term was first used to describe certain compositions by Arnold Schoenberg, Anton von Webern, and Alban Berg. Schoenberg's term was pantonal. the notes of an octave are played independently without a key center
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary