Definition and background:
A family of ancient instruments still in use today that is made of a sack or bellows which holds air, several pipes, and a double-reeded, fingered pipe called a " chanter ". The unfingered pipes are called drones and produce pedal tones. The bagpipe makes a constant, unbroken sound as the air stored in the sack is constantly being supplied to the pipes. The most famous bagpipes are those of Scotland and Ireland. Also [Fr.] cornemuse, [Ger.] Sackpfeife, [It.] Cornamusa, [Sp.] Gaita. Bagpipe one of the oldest musical instruments. its distinctive penetrating tone comes from a reed pipe, operated by finger stops, that is sounded by air forced out of the bag through the pipe by the player's arm. the reservoir of air in the bag permits notes to be played continuously. some characteristics, for instance the source of wind supply, may vary in bagpipes
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary