Definition and background:
A pair of permanently attached small single- headed drums the larger of which is tuned about fifth below the smaller drum. The bongos are of Afro-Cuban origin and are widely used in the popular music of Latin America. The bongos were widely popular among the beatnik culture of the 1950's in America.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary