Definition and background:
Abbreviation used on the staff to designate common time. The first note ( tonic) in the C major scale. In solfeggio it is normally called do, except in France where it is called Ut. The frequencies of the audible pitches of C are notated below. The note Ut of the Guidonian System. The note from which pianos and organs are typically tuned.See also [Eng.] C; [Fr.] Ut; [Ger.] C; [It.] Do; [Sp.] Do.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary