Definition and background:
A lute popular in the sixteen hundreds that had an extended neck and an extra eight courses of unstopped strings in addition to the six regular courses on a standard lute. See also; lute. long-necked lute, or archlute, with extra bass strings. used particularly to accompany solo singing, popular in the 16th and 17th-centuries
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary