Definition and background:
In plainsong, this term implies simple three part harmony, the plainsong being the top voice, and the two other voices each, respectively, a sixth and a fourth below the plainsong. This practice may have evolved from the English faburden, or vice-versa.Simple harmonization of plainsong in four parts with no polyphonic elaboration.In hymn singing, a fauxbourdon is a treble descant superimposed upon the melody sung by the congregation.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary