Gamba, viola da
Definition and background:
A Renaissance instrument resembling the violin but with seven strings, "C" shaped sound holes, a wider neck, and sloping shoulders. This instrument had a softer, duller sound than that of the violin, and came in different sizes from treble to bass. The true ancestor of the modern violin, however, was the viola da braccio, or "arm viol".
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary