Definition and background:
A dance of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries possibly derived from the Renaissance branle. The gavotte became a stylized member of the Baroque dance suite, performed after the sarabande. It was considered a pastoral dance, written in 2 or in cut time and sometimes with a drone suggesting bagpipes. an old dance of French origin in 4/4 time, beginning on the third beat of the bar. It began as a folk dance but was soon performed at court functions.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary