Definition and background:
The practice of two or more musicians simultaneously performing slightly different versions of the same melody. Each version would be characterised as improvised or ornamented versions of the melody as opposed to harmonized versions of a melody as in polyphonic music. The term heterophony was coined by Plato and is practiced in many areas of the world today including China, Japan, and Java. the simultaneous performance of two slightly different melodies
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary