Definition and background:
Instrumental ensemble specializing in the performance of jazz music, composed of a woodwind section, a brass section), and a rhythm section. The size of the Jazz Band can vary from a trio to an entire jazz orchestra. Vocalists are often part of the jazz band. The modern jazz band typically includes:WOODWINDSBRASSRHYTHM SECTIONFlute *BbClarinet *Bass Clarinet *Soprano Saxophone *Alto SaxophonesTenor SaxophonesBaritone SaxophoneBass Saxophone *Horns *TrumpetsFlugelhornsTrombonesTuba *Electric GuitarPianoString BassDrum KitVibraphone *Marimba *Unpitched Percussion ** This is an instrument not always found in a typical jazz band. Occasionally parts are written for these instruments and the large amateur or professional band will try to be faithful to the composer's wishes.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary