Definition and background:
A small instrument popular in the Renaissance played by all classes of people but used specifically by dancing masters when teaching dances. The kit was a small, unfretted fiddle, usually having four strings, and made in a variety of shapes. The kit was in use up through the 19th century. A small violin about 16 inches long.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary