Definition and background:
Music that is written for only one voice or part is said to be monophonic (the music itself is called " monophony "). This is in contrast to polyphonic music, which has more than one part or voice. See also homophony. a single melodic line without accompaniment. May be a single voice singing alone, or a whole choir, all singing exactly the same thing at the same time. Related terms: homophonic, polyphonic. describes music with a single line of melody, without accompaniment, as opposed to homophonic, when one line leads, but with an accompaniment. See also polyphonic, when there are two or more lines of equal importance
More formal term for Mono and meaning that there is only one sound source or the signal was derived from one sound source. 2) In synthesizers, a term meaning that only one pitch may be sounded at a time.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary