Definition and background:
A scale of five tones. It is used in African, Far Eastern, and Native American music. The pentatonic scale has been used in 20th century compositions as well. Major scale minus the fourth and seventh; pentatonic music may be played on the black keys only. many oriental forms employ this scale
A five-tone scale used often in rock
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary