Definition and background:
11th and 12th century term for a triangular psaltry.11th and 12th century term for a plucked lyre of six strings.13th and 14th century term for a bowed kithara.15th century term for a fiddle, cognate of the Welsh " crwth " and the English "crowd".
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary