Definition and background:
An Italian dance dating from the 14th century in triple meter involving leaping and skipping. The saltarello survived into the 18th century, at which time it was a popular folk dance, usually accompanied by tambourine, guitar, and voices. a rapid Italian dance in triple metre, examples of which survive from the middle ages. The rhythm and energy of the dance are similar to those of the tarantella. a well known example appears in the final movement of Mendelssohn's 'Italian' symphony
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary