Definition and background:
A family of wind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in 1845. There have been at least seven sizes of saxhorn ranging from sopranino to contrabass, and have been confused with the flugelhorn. The saxhorn has a cup mouthpiece, valves, and a tapered bore.
Family of intermediate bore profile brasswind instruments patented by Adolphe Sax in 1843; the althorn, baritone, tenor horn and euphonium more or less correspond to members of the family
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary