Definition and background:
A series of notes in ascending or descending order that presents the pitches of a key or mode, beginning and ending on the tonic of that key or mode. The degrees of a scale have specific names shown below and each of the unique 12 notes of the chromatic scale can be the tonic note of a scale. Degrees of a Scale 1 - Tonic 2 - Supertonic 3 - Mediant 4 - Subdominant 5 - Dominant 6 - Submediant - Superdominant 7 - Leading Note - Subtonic
A series of tones within an octave which are used as the basis of musical composition.
A summary of the pitches in a piece of music arranged in order from the lowest to the highest
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary