Definition and background:
A symbol placed in front of a note-head which implies that the performer should raise the pitch of that particular note by a semitone.The sharp symbol alters the pitch of the note to which it is attached as well as any subsequent occurence of the same note (identical line or space) in the same measure. Notes with the same pitch name, but a higher or lower octave, are not effected. Any note with a sharp that also has a tie across a barline carries the sharp to the note on the other side of the barline. Notes in the new measure that are not tied to altered notes from the previous measure revert to their original pitch and are performed using the current key signature.Also [Eng.] Sharp; [Fr.] di'se; [Ger.] Kreuz; [It.] diesis; [Sp.] sostenido. Raises the pitch of a note by one semitone. represented by the sign #, added before a note, raises its pitch by a semitone. in general terms music that is sharp may be simply out of tune, at too high a pitch.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary