Definition and background:
The principal of organization of a composition around a tonic based upon a major or minor scale. A system of tones (ex: tones of major scale) used in such a way that one tone becomes central and the remaining tones assume a hierarchy based on this interval relationship to the central tone or tonal center. the system on which tonal compositions are based; use of a scale and or a series of harmonies to cause in the listener a perceived tonal center
A system of tones (ex: tones of major scale) used in such a way that one tone becomes central and the remaining tones assume a hierarchy based on this interval relationship to the central tone or tonal center
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary