Definition and background:
A tuba invented by the composer Richard Wagner to be used in his operas. It is smaller than the orchestral tuba and has a range between that of the horn and the trombone. Its somber, majestic tone has inspired other composers such as Strauss, Bruckner, and Stravinsky to include it in compositions.
An instrument in either 9-ft B-flat or 12-ft F developed to meet Wagner's requirement for a saxhorn-like instrument playable by french horn players with their usual mouthpieces
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary