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Music Term: Bass guitar

B
B-flat
B-sharp
B.n.
Bab ballad
Baby grand
Baby grand piano
Bacchanal
Bach-werke-verzeichnis
Bachi
Back frame
Backbeat
Backbone
Backbore, mouthpiece
Backfall
Background noise
Badinage
Badinerie
Baffle
Baffles
Bagatelle
Bagpipe
Baguala
Baguette
Bailecito
Baisser
Balalaika
Balance
Balance control
Balanced mixer
Balanced phase detector
Balanced rail
Balanced tension
Balg
Balken
Ball joint
Ballabile
Ballad
Ballad horn
Ballad opera
Ballade
Ballata
Ballet
Ballo
Band
Band track
Band, big
Band, brass
Band, concert
Band, jazz
Band, marching
Band, military
Band, rock
Band, symphonic
Bandola
Bandoneon
Bandora
Bandpass filter
Bandurria
Bandwidth
Banjo
Bar chimes
Bar form
Bar line
Bar line, barline
Barbaro
Barber shop
Barcarola
Barcarole
Barcarolle
Barcaruola
Bard
Bariolage
Bariton
Baritone
Baritone clef
Baritone horn
Baritone saxophone
Baritono
Barline
Baroque
Baroque alto recorder
Baroque dance suite
Baroque music
Baroque period
Barra
Barre
Barre chord
Barrel organ
Barrier
Barrier micing
Bartok pizzicato
Barydon
Baryton
Barzelletta
Bas
Bas instruments
Basic session
Basie blues
Basket
Bass
Bass bar
Bass clarinet
Bass clef
Bass drum
Bass drum (kick drum)
Bass drum beater
Bass drum pedal
Bass fiddle
Bass flute
Bass guitar
Bass horn
Bass line
Bass ophicleide
Bass recorder
Bass reflex
Bass strings
Bass trombone
Bass viol
Bass-baritone
Bassa
Basse a pistons
Basse dance
Basset clarinet
Basset horn
Basso
Basso cantante
Basso continuo
Basso profundo
Basson
Bassoon
Bassoon a serpentine
Bassus
Bata drums
Bateria
Baton
Battaglia
Battement
Batter head
Batteria
Batterie
Battuta
Baudurria
Bay area figurative
Bb-flat bass
Be
Beam
Beamed notes
Beaming
Bearing edge
Beat
Beat displacement
Beat, accented
Beater
Beats
Beats per minute
Bebop
Bec
Becarre
Becken
Becuadro
Bedachtig
Begleitung
Beguine
Behaglich
Behende
Beisser
Bel
Bel canto
Belebend
Bell
Bell (of the cymbal)
Bell lyra
Bell lyre
Bell rim
Bell tree
Bell-lyra
Belle epoque
Bellicoso
Bellow shake
Bellows
Bellows normal
Bells
Belly
Bemol
Bemolle
Ben
Ben marcato
Ben or bene
Ben, bene
Bend
Bending
Bene
Benedictus
Beneventian rite
Benjamin west clinedinst memorial award
Bent pitch
Bequadro
Berceuse
Bergamasca
Bergamesque
Bergerette
Bergomask
Berlin valve
Bersag horn
Beruhigend
Beruhigt
Beschleunigt
Beschleunigte
Bestimmt
Beta uchi
Betont
Bewegt
Bhajan
Bi-directional pattern
Biamplification
Bianca
Big band
Bike pump whistle
Binary
Binary form
Binary measure
Bind
Bindebogen
Binden
Bindung
Bindungszeichen
Bird whistle
Birla academy of art and culture
Bis
Bisbigliando
Biscroma
Bisdiapason
Bit
Bite, mouthpiece
Bitonal
Bitonality
Black keys
Blanca
Blanche
Blanche e. colman award
Blast beats
Blaue reiter (der)
Blechblasinstrumente
Blending
Bloc de bois
Block harmony
Blockflote
Blow
Blue note
Blue tone
Bluegrass
Blues
Blues scale
Bluette
Bo-diddley beat
Board
Boat whistle
Boatswain's flute
Boatswain's whistle
Bocal
Bocca
Bocca chiusa
Bodhran (bodhr?n)
Body
Bogen
Bois
Boit a musique
Bol /s
Bolero
Bolero rhythm
Bombard
Bombarda
Bombarde
Bombardino
Bombardo
Bombardon
Bones
Bongo
Bongo drums
Bongo drums or bongos
Bongocero
Bongos
Boobam
Boogie woogie
Boogie-woogie
Boom
Boom (or boom stand)
Boominess
Boomstand
Boomwhackers
Boost
Bop
Bore
Borrowed chord
Bossa nova
Bossa-nova
Bottom board
Bottom frame
Bottom-sprung p?rinet valve
Bouche
Bouche fermee
Bouffe
Bougarabou drum
Bounce
Bouncing
Bourdon
Bouree
Bourree
Boutade
Bouts
Bouzouki
Bow
Bow guard
Bowed harp
Bowing
Bpm
Brace
Bracket
Braille music notation
Branches
Branle
Bransle
Brass
Brass band
Brass choir
Brass instruments
Brass quintet
Brasswind
Bratsche
Brautlied
Bravo
Bravura
Break
Break strain
Break-up strain
Breath mark
Breathing
Breit
Brekete
Breve
Breve rest
Brevis
Brickwall filter
Bridge
Bridge passage
Bridge pins
Bridges
Bridging
Brillante
Brilliant
Brindisi
Brio
Brioso
Brise
Bristol board
Broadway musical
Broderie
Broderies
Broken chord
Broken consort
Broken octaves
Brumeux
Brummeisen
Brunette
Bruscamente
Brushes
Bruststimme
Buccina
Buchstabenschrift
Bucking
Buffa
Buffet
Buffo
Bugaku
Bugle
Bugle call
Buhne
Buisine
Bukyoku
Bulk dump
Bull-roarer
Burden
Burgundian chanson
Burin
Burla
Burlesque
Burletta
Busker
Buss/bus
Butoukyoku
Buysine, buzine
Buzz roll
Bwv
Byou
Byou daiko
Byte
Byzantine music
Byzantine rite
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1-9

Bass guitar
Definition and background:
Electrophone, Electro-Acoustic Instrument, Chordophone, String Instruments The beginnings of the instrument can be found in the mid-1930's in some jazz arenas, however, it wasn't until Leo Fender introduced the Fender Bass 1951 that the instrument began to be seriously recognized. The instrument was appealing to the jazz musician and quickly appeared in rock n' roll, country groups, and eventually in the new emerging Motown sound. Monk Montgomery (bassist for jazz great Lionel Hampton), was one of the pioneers of the instrument and mixed performance techniques of the double bass with new techniques that the new instrument allowed. Monk often plucked the strings with his right hand thumb, playing all downstrokes.Today, the bass guitar is the primary bass instrument in most of the ensembles of popular Western culture and provided a wide range of sounds that have gone far beyond anything that the double bass was capable of producing. This instrument has also found its way into other, more classically oriented ensembles as well as non-Western ensembles. The bass guitar is a solid body instrument, visually similar to the electric guitar with four strings just like the double bass. It has a long neck like a guitar and typically fretted. There are fretless models that are more difficult to play, but in the hands of professionals, can add more range to the sound palette of the instrument. The four strings are held in place with the tailpiece at one end of the instrument and by the tuning pegs at the end of the neck. The tuning pegs are mechanical screws. An electrical pickup is positioned under the strings near the bridge and turns the vibrations of the strings into electrical impulses that are sent to an amplifier. A 1/4" phono plug in the body of the instrument is used to connect to the amplifier.The bass guitar requires an amplifier to amplify the frequencies of the vibrating strings that are sensed by the pickup. The amplifier takes these signals and processes them into louder and often altered sounds that are then sent to a speaker so they can be heard. The amplifier and sound processors in the amplifier are what provides the range of sounds that make the bass guitar such a versitile instrument. There have been variations of the bass guitar that have taken on more of the attributes of the double bass and know as the upright electric bass. This instrument looks like a cross between a small double bass and a lagre bass guitar standing on its end. It provides the sound palette of the bass guitar with more of the double bass feel so it is easier to play either instrument. Other less-common variations on the bass guitar include hollow body models, 5- strings and 6- strings models. One of the gest challenges of amplifying a double bass was the fact that the hollow body allowed for a great deal of resonance (producing sound colors and volume). It is difficult to separate the vibrations from the strings and from the resonator, so both sets of vibrations are sensed and amplified. This can often produce a jumbled sound. A solid body has more mass and less vibration, so the pickup reproduces a signal from the pure tone of the vibration of the strings alone. Since there is no acoustic resonator, the instrument's sounds are largely determined by the electronic amplifier and sound processors that it is connected to. The sounds range from a "pure" amplification of the bass strings (that can provide a sound similar to an double bass) to the distorted electronic sounds found in some heavy metal or rock music. The sounds of the bass guitar can also be altered by the techniques of attacking the notes ( striking, plucking or slapping the strings). Typically, the strings are plucked with the finger, but some prefer to use a pick. The bass guitar has the same range as the double bass. The lowest note is E (written E below the bass clef staff and sounds an octave lower). The four strings ( E A D G) are one octave lower than the lowest four strings of a normal guitar. The bass guitar music in jazz often employs basic chord symbols that provide a guide for the performer. Specific notes and rhythm patterns are left to the discretion of the individual performer.Harmonics on the bass guitar can extend the high range of the instrument and are the same as the double bass. The bass guitar (as in most stringed instruments) is capable of double stops, or sounding two strings simultaneously. The 5- string bass guitar adds a low B string ( B1 - a fifth lower than the low E string) and the 6- string bass guitar adds a higher C string ( c1 - a fourth higher than the highest normal string) in addition to the low B string. Bass Guitar TuningSee also electric bass, upright electric bass.
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Last Updated: 2017-11-17 17:55:18
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