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Music Term: Drum rudiment

D
D-flat
D-sharp
D-sub, d-connector
D.c.
D.i.
D.s.
D.s. al coda or dal segno al coda
D.s. al fine or dal segno al fine
D.s.s. al coda or dal segno al coda
D.s.s. al fine or dal segno al fine
D/a
D/a converter
D?tach?
Da
Da capo
Da capo al coda
Da capo al fine
Da capo aria
Da ruan
Dachtyl
Dadra tal
Dai
Daisy chain
Dal
Dal segno
Dal sengo al fine
Dampen
Damper
Damper pedal
Dampers
Damping
Damping factor
Dance
Dance band
Danse
Danza
Danzon
Darabukka
Dash
Dat
Data
Daw
Db
Dbm
Dbspl
Dbu
Dbx
Dc
De-esser
Dead
Dead interval
Dead note
Deaf
Debut
Decani
Decay
Deceptive cadence
Dechors
Decibel
Decibel (db)
Decima
Decisivo
Deciso
Declamando
Declamation
Declamatory rhythm
Decr.
Decresc.
Decrescendo
Decrescendo or decresc.
Decuplet
Deepchandi tal
Definition
Deflection
Degauss
Degree
Del, della
Delay
Delay effects
Deliberamente
Delicatamente
Delicatamente or delicato
Delicatezza
Delicatissimo
Delicato
Delie
Delirante
Delizioso
Demi
Demi-pause
Demi-soupir
Demi-tone
Demi-voix
Demiflat
Demilune trumpet
Demisemiquaver
Demisemiquaver rest
Demisharp
Demo
Deploration
Derb
Des
Descant
Descant recorder
Descant viol
Descending
Descriptive music
Dessus
Destra
Destro
Detache
Determinato
Detonieren
Detune
Deutlich
Deux
Development
Devoto
Dezime
Dhaivata
Di
Di molto
Di sopra
Diabolus in musica
Diacisma
Dialogue
Diamond record
Diapason
Diaphragm
Diatesseron
Diatonic
Diatonic scale
Dice music
Diction
Diddle rudiments
Didgeridoo
Didjeridu
Die cast
Dies irae
Diese
Diesis
Difference tone
Differential tone
Diffusion
Digital controls
Digital delay
Digital domain
Digital error
Digital interface format (dif)
Digital multimeter
Digital recording
Digital signal processing
Digital to analog converter
Digital word
Digitone
Diluendo
Dim
Dim.
Diminish
Diminished
Diminished chord
Diminished chords
Diminished fifth
Diminished interval
Diminished seventh chord
Diminuendo
Diminuendo, dim.
Diminuition
Diminution
Din stereo
Diode
Dip
Direct
Direct box
Direct current
Direct injection
Direct injection (di)
Direct input
Direct motion
Direct out
Direct output
Direct pick up
Direct sound
Directional pattern
Dirge
Dirigent
Dis
Disc valve or "patent lever valve"
Discant
Discant clausula
Discant-tenor framework
Discord
Disinvolto
Disjunct
Disjunct motion
Disk (disc)
Disk operating system
Dispersed harmony
Dispersion/dispersion angle
Disposition
Dissonance
Dissonant counterpoint
Dissonante
Distant micing
Distortion
Dital
Dital harp
Dithyramb
Ditonus
Diva
Diversity
Divertimento
Divertissement
Divided accompaniment
Divine office
Divisi
Divisi or div.
Division
Division viol
Divisorias
Dixieland jazz
Dixieme
Djembe
Djembe drum
Djun djun
Do
Do bemol
Do bemolle
Do diesis
Do sostenido
Do, or ko
Doble barra
Doble barra final
Doble bemol
Doble redonda
Doble sostenido
Doctor of music
Doctrine of the affections
Dodecaphonic
Dodecaphony
Dodecuple scale
Dodecuplet
Dogfight
Doigte
Doit
Dojo
Dolby
Dolce
Dolcemente
Dolcian
Dolciano
Dolcissimo
Dolendo
Dolente
Dolore
Doloroso
Dominant
Dominant chord
Dominant harmony
Dominant seventh chord
Domra
Dona nobis pacem
Donna
Donnermachine
Dopo
Doppel
Doppel-be
Doppelganze
Doppelganze pause
Doppelganzenote
Doppelgriffe
Doppelkreuz
Doppeltaktstrich
Doppia barra
Doppio
Doppio bemolle
Doppio diesis
Doppio movimento
Doppler effect
Doppo
Dora
Dorian
Dorian mode
Dos
Dot
Dots
Dotted bar line, dotted barline
Dotted note
Dotted rhythms
Double
Double appogiatura
Double bar
Double bar line, double barline
Double bar-line
Double barline
Double bass
Double bass pedal
Double bassoon
Double bemol
Double braced hardware
Double chorus
Double concerto
Double corde
Double counterpoint
Double croche
Double diese
Double dot
Double drag tap
Double exposition
Double flat
Double fugue
Double horn
Double motet
Double natural
Double note
Double octave
Double paradiddle
Double principle
Double quartet
Double ratamacue
Double reed
Double sharp
Double stem
Double stop
Double stroke open roll
Double theme
Double tonguing
Double treble clef
Double whole note
Double whole rest
Double-barre
Double-croche
Double-pause
Double-piston valve
Double-ronde
Double-stroke roll
Doubling
Doubly augmented sixth chord
Douce
Doumbek
Doux
Down bow
Down bow or giu arco
Down-bow
Downbeat
Downbow
Doxology
Drag
Drag rudiments
Dragma
Dramatic soprano
Dramatic tenor
Drame lyrique
Dramma giocoso
Dramma per musica
Drammatico
Drangend
Dreifach
Dreiklang
Dreitaktig
Drill call
Drive
Driver
Driving
Droit
Droite
Drone
Drone-bass
Drop
Drop clutch
Dropout
Dropped-d tuning
Drum
Drum and bugle corps
Drum booth/drum room
Drum brain
Drum cadence
Drum corps
Drum fill
Drum key
Drum kit
Drum lessons
Drum machine
Drum major
Drum pad
Drum pattern
Drum rack or "rack"
Drum roll
Drum rudiment
Drum set
Drum solo
Drum tabs
Drum tech
Drumhead
Drumline
Drummer
Drumming
Drumstick
Drumsticks
Dry
Dsp
Dub
Duct flute
Duda
Dudelsack
Due corde
Due pedali
Duet
Dulcian
Dulciana
Dulcimer
Dulcitone
Dulzian
Dumka
Dump
Dumpe
Duo
Duo sonata
Duple
Duple meter
Duplet
Duplex instrument
Duplex instruments
Duplex long
Duplex scale
Duplication
Duplum
Dur
Duramente
Duration
Durchbrochene arbeit
Durchfuhrung
Durchgangsnote
Durchkomponiert
Durezza
Dux, comes
Dynamic accent
Dynamic contrast
Dynamic mark
Dynamic microphone
Dynamic processing/dynamic signal processing
Dynamic range
Dynamics
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1-9

Drum rudiment
Definition and background:
BASIC DEFINITION: Drum rudiments are the basic tools of the drummer. They are the accepted standard in the performance of the basic rhythmic patterns that comprise many of the rhythmic patterns found in the common compositions in Western music. Rudiments are used as exercises for performers to practice and hone their technical skills. All rudiments have very specific sticking patterns, or the order in which sticks (right-hand or left-hand) are used to strike the drum. For example, the multiple bounce roll ( Long Roll) has a pattern of two strokes of the left stick ( L) followed by two strokes of the right stick ( R), repeated over and over (LLRR, LLRR or Left Left Right Right, Left Left Right Right, etc.). Typically in the performance of rudiments, the pattern is started slowly (or open) in strict rhythm and then is gradually sped up to where the patterns become very fast ( close) and then gradually slowed to the original starting speed (or open). Rudiments were often named after their sound, which accounts for some of the odd names. Rudiments have a rich history that is tied directly to the development of the snare drum, known earlier as a side drum or military drum. The Swiss were the first to clearly document the use drums to signal troops in battle. The Battle of Sempach in 1386 was the first recorded use of fifes and drums as signals by the Swiss in a military campaign. By the early 15th century, many elite Swiss fighting forces were employed throughout Western Europe as mercenaries. Their signals and marches using drum & fifes were quickly adopted for use in other European countries. Baron Friedrich von Stuben, working for the Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1778, wrote " Regulations " which specified drum signals for the Revolutionary Troops. The first use of the term rudiment was by Charles Stewart Ashworth. He used the term to classify a group of drum patterns, thus establishing himself as the father of rudimental drumming. In 1812, he published his drumming manual, " A New, Useful and Complete System of Drum -Beating." In 1869, another book containing drum rudiments, " Strube Drum and Fife Instructor," was published by the National Guard of the New England States. By the 1880's, John Philip Sousa, Director of the U.S. Marine Band, wrote a manual of instruction called " A Book of Instruction for the Field- Trumpet and Drum." This book became the guide for military drummers in all branches of the armed services and had also a wide civic distribution because it contained a collection of drum rudiments. After the turn of the century, Sanford (Gus) Moeller's book, " The Moeller Book," published by The Ludwig Drum Company in 1918, helped to renew an interest in rudimental drumming. It was about this time that the American Legion began organizing national contests for Drum and Bugle Corps, but there were problems with these competitions because of the differences between the rudiments published over the past century. Spearheaded by the American Legion and the Ludwig Drum Company, the most influential drum instructors from across the country came together at the American Legion National Convention in Chicago and created set of 26 rudiments. This also led to the creation of the organization NARD ( National Association of Rudimental Drummers) in 1932. Membership in NARD required a performance test on the 13 essential rudiments. The 13 additional rudiments of the 26 were not required to be performed. Today there are 40 recognized drum rudiments broken into four categories: I - Roll Rudiments (17 rudiments); II - Diddle Rudiments (4 rudiments); III - Flam Rudiments (12 rudiments); and IV - Drag Rudiments (10 rudiments). NARD dissolved in 1978 leaving PAS (The Percussive Arts Society) to be the remaining advocate for rudimental drumming.Aside from the 40 standard rudiments, there are a growing number of rudiments that are used in conjunction with Drum and Bugle Corps competitions. These rudiments tend to be combined patterns and some of more complex rhythms used in drum cadences unique to Drum and Bugle Corps.TABLE OF STANDARD DRUM RUDIMENTS: Table of Drum Rudiments Percussive Arts Society ( PAS) Rudiments I - Roll Rudiments II - Diddle Rudiments III - Flam Rudiments IV - Drag Rudiments A - Single Stroke Rudiments 16 Single Paradiddle 20 Flam 31 Drag ( Ruff) 1 Single Stroke Roll 17 Double Paradiddle 21 Flam Accent 32 Single Drag Tap 2 Single Stroke Four 18 Triple Paradiddle 22 Flam Tap 33 Double Drag Tap 3 Single Stroke Seven 19 Single Paradiddle-diddle 23 Flamacue 34 Lesson 25 B - Multiple Bounce Roll Rudiments 24 Flam Paradiddle 35 Single Dragadiddle 4Multiple Bounce Roll ( Long Roll) 25 Single Flammed Mill 36 Drag Paradiddle #1 5 Triple Stroke Roll 26 Flam Paradiddle-diddle 37 Drag Paradiddle #2 C - Double Stroke Open Roll Rudiments 27 Pataflafla 38 Single Ratamacue 6 Double Stroke Open Roll 28 Swiss Army Triplet 39 Double Ratamacue 7 Five Stroke Roll 29 Inverted Flam Tap 40 Triple Ratamacue 8 Six Stroke Roll 30 Flam Drag 9Seven Stroke Roll 10 Nine Stroke Roll 11 Ten Stroke Roll 12 Eleven Stroke Roll 13 Thirteen Stroke Roll 14 Fifteen Stroke Roll 15 Seventeen Stroke Roll - One of the original NARD 26 Rudiments.
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Last Updated: 2018-04-21 15:04:00
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