Definition and background:
is a well known dance tune popular from the 16th century or earlier and found in the work of composers such as Corelli, who used the theme for a set of variations forming a violin sonata, or later by Rachmaninov in his incorrectly named variations on a theme of Corelli.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary