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Music Term: Hornbostel-sachs

H
Haas effect
Habanera
Hachijo daiko
Hail columbia
Hail to the chief
Hair
Hairpin
Hairpins
Hakenneumen
Hakusuu
Halbe
Halbe pause
Half cadence
Half close cadence
Half note
Half rest
Half step
Half-pedal
Hall
Hall program
Hallelujah
Halling
Hals
Hammer
Hammer dulcimer
Hammer-on
Hammerclavier
Hammerklavier
Hammond organ
Han'on
Han'onkai
Hand bell
Hand bells
Hand drums
Hand horn
Hand organ
Hand vibrato
Handel-werke-verzeichnis
Handstuck
Handtrommel
Happyoukai
Hara
Hard disk recording
Hardanger fiddle
Harfe
Harmonia
Harmonic
Harmonic analysis
Harmonic chromatic scale
Harmonic distortion
Harmonic mark
Harmonic minor scale
Harmonic progression
Harmonic rhythm
Harmonic series
Harmonica
Harmonics
Harmoniemusik
Harmonium
Harmony
Harp
Harp lute
Harp stop
Harpe
Harpsichord
Hasosra
Hassou
Hastig
Hats
Haupt
Hauptstimme
Hausmusic
Hausse
Haut
Haut bois
Haut instruments
Hautbois
Hay
Hayashi (or bayashi)
Haye
Head
Head arrangement
Head chart
Head voice
Headphones
Headroom
Heads
Hearing impairment
Hearing limitation
Hearing range
Heavy metal
Heftig
Heidentenor
Heikinritsu
Heiter
Heldentenor
Helicon
Hemidemisemiquaver
Hemidemisemiquaver rest
Hemiola
Hemitonium
Hen
Henbyoushi
Henrotanchou
Hensoukyoku
Heptachord
Heptatonic scale
Herald trumpet
Hermaneutics
Hertz
Hervortretend
Heterophonic
Heterophony
Hexachord
Hexachordum durum
Hey
Hi hat
Hi hat clutch
Hi-hat
Hi-z
Hichiriki
Hidden fifths
Hidden octaves
High frequencies
High frequency
High hat
High impedance
High mass
High-impedance mic
High-pass filter
Highs
Hilfsline
Hindustani
Hira do, hira daiko
Hirtenflote
His
Historic instruments
Historical instruments
Historically informed
Hocket
Hoedown
Hoftanz
Hold
Holz
Holzklapper
Homage
Homo
Homophonic
Homophony
Homorhythmic
Homorhythmic chordal
Hoop
Hopak
Horn
Hornbostel, erich moritz von
Hornbostel-sachs
Hornpipe
Hornwerk
Hosanna
House
House sync
Howlback
Huaino
Huapango
Huehuetl
Huitieme de soupir
Hum
Hum note
Hummel
Humoreske
Humoresque
Hungarian school
Hunting horn
Hurdy-gurdy
Hwv
Hydraulis
Hydraulos
Hymn
Hyoushi
Hyoushigi
Hyper
Hyperaeolian
Hypercardioid pattern
Hypo
Hyporchema
Hz
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1-9

Hornbostel-sachs
Definition and background:
This is a system used to classify all musical instruments. This system was created by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs. The Hornbostel-Sachs system is based on how an instrument vibrates to produce sound. Even though the system has been criticized and revised over the years, it is the most widely accepted system of musical instrument classification used by organologists and ethnomusicologists.The system was first published in 1914 with a revised English translation in 1961. Other classification systems date back to the 4th century B.C. The Chinese classified instruments by the material that they were constructed from (stone, wood, silk, etc.). The idea was originally conceived by the Hindus in the 1st century B.C. They created four main groups, vibrating strings, vibrating air columns, percussion instruments made of wood or metal and percussion instruments made with skin heads. Later, the Greeks used a similar system to classify their musical instruments. Organologists such as Martin Agricola then refined the system even further by dividing stringed instruments into the plucked and bowed categories. In the late 19th century, Victor Mahillon, curator of the Brussels Conservatory musical instrument collection, adopted and refined this system. Although his system was limited to the serious instruments of Western music, he used the four groups of strings, winds, drums and other percussion. By expanding on Mahillon's system, Hornbostel-Sachs made it possible to classify any instrument from any culture.The original Hornbostel-Sachs system classified instruments into four main categories. The fifth category is a later revision to include the latest technologies in music performance. Within each category are many subgroups with a formal structure based on the Dewey Decimal classification system. The basic categories of the system are listed below, and a more complete version of the system is found in the appendix ( Table of Musical Instrument Classifications).1 - Idiophones:Instruments which produce sound by vibrating themselves; 2 - Membranophones:Instruments which produce sound by a vibrating membrane; 3 - Chordophones:Instruments which produce sound by vibrating strings;4 - Aerophones:Instruments which produce sound by vibrating columns of air; 5 - Electrophones:Instruments which produce sound electronically.
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Last Updated: 2017-12-18 05:23:08
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