Definition and background:
A large lyre of ancient Greece and Rome. This instrument had a square or rounded resonator box and up to eleven strings of gut. The strings were supported by a yoke attached to two arms which rose from the resonator box. the most common instrument of ancient Greece. It had a sound box and two curved arms connected by a crosspiece. The kithara was strung with a varying number of strings.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary