Definition and background:
An ancient instrument used for performing and teaching as well as tuning and experimentation. The monochord is said to have been invented by Pythagoras. It consists of a single string stretched between two fixed bridges. A third, movable bridge is placed between the two fixed bridges which can adjust the length of the vibrating string, thus changing the pitch produced by plucking the string.
An ancient Greek one-string musical instrument. NATURAL
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary