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Music Term: Oboe

O
O antiphons
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O-uchi
Oaktag
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Obbligo
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Oberdominante
Oberstimme
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Obertaste
Oberton
Oberwerk
Object
Objectification
Objectivity
Objet d'art
Obligat
Oblique
Oblique motion
Oblong
Oboe
Oboe d'amore
Oboe da caccia
Obra
Obscene
Obsession
Obtuse angle
Obverse
Ocarina
Occasional piece
Occlude
Occursus
Ocher or ochre
Octagon
Octahedron
Octatonic scale
Octave
Octave bands
Octave bass clef
Octave clef
Octave designation
Octave marks
Octave treble clef
Octavo
Octet
Octobans
Octotonic
Octuple croche
Oculus
Oda
Odd time
Ode
Oenochoe
Oeuvre
Off axis
Off beat
Off-beat
Offertory
Office
Office, divine
Officer's call
Offset printing
Offset time
Ogee
Ogive
Ohm
Ohm's law
Ohne
Oil
Oil gilding
Oil paint
Oilstone
Oinochoe
Okedo taiko, oke daiko
Okesa
Oktave
Old master
Old roman chant
Oliphant
Omaggio
Ombra scene
Omni
Omni mode
Omni-directional
Omnitonic horn
Omphalos
On axis
On line
Onbayashi
Ondai
Ondeggiando
Ondes martenot
One
One-line
One-point perspective
One-voice-per-part, or ovpp
Oneiric
Ongaku
Ongakudaigaku
Ongakushi
Ongarese, all'
Online art
Onpu
Ontbijt
Ontology
Onzieme
Op
Op amp
Op.
Opacity
Opalescence
Opaque
Opaque projector
Open
Open circuit
Open edition
Open fifth
Open form
Open notes
Open roll
Open shape
Open strings
Open track
Opening
Openwork
Opera
Opera bouffe
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Opera comique
Opera seria
Opera-ballet
Operating level
Operational amplifier
Operetta
Ophicleide
Ophthalmology
Opp.
Oppression
Optical art
Optical mixing
Optics
Opus
Oral tradition
Oratorio
Orchestra
Orchestra bells
Orchestra leader
Orchestral horn
Orchestration
Ordinary
Organ
Organ chorale
Organ point
Organ verset
Organal style
Organetto
Organistrum
Organology
Organum
Organum purum
Orgel
Oritatami dai
Ornament
Ornamentation
Ornaments
Oroshi
Orpharion
Orphica
Oscillator
Ossia
Ostinato
Ostinoto
Oto
Otolaryngolist
Otologist
Ottava
Ottava alta
Ottava bassa
Ottava rima
Ottavino
Ottoni
Ou
Out of phase
Out port
Outboard equipment
Outer voices
Output
Output impedance
Output level
Output selector
Ouvert
Ouverture
Oval
Over easy
Overblow
Overblowing
Overdubbing
Overload
Overload indicator
Oversampling
Overstrung
Overtone
Overtones
Overture
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1-9

Oboe
Definition and background:
Aerophone, Woodwind, Double-reed; In the 17th century, the original one-piece shawm was turned into a jointed instrument by Jean Hotterre pere and Michel Philidor II at the Court of France (1657). They probably became the first ones to invent and both play the instrument they had come to start refering to as the oboe. In England though it was refered to as the hautbois or the hoboy, and then later known as the French hoboy. In 1951 Marx said that Michel Philidor II modified the old shawm reed, and with the help of Jean Hotteterre the Elder, together they made the oboe around 1655. This double-reed instrument has a gently tapering conical bore. There are many difficulties that performers have come across when playing the oboe. This is due to the volatile part of the oboe, the reed. The reed is inserted at the top of the instrument. The oboe is said to have the most unique "voice" out of all the woodwinds. It has a warm, reedy, almost squawking sound. The pitch of the oboe is easily "lipped" higher or lower by the player, and a well-trained oboist is able to play long passages and long notes in a single breath due to the nature of the instrument. Sensitivity of the reed makes the oboe a very taxing instrument to play. The breath control required calls for an oboist to have frequent rest periods. There are four range sections for the oboe. The first from B-flat below middle C to F in the first space in the treble clef staff, which is very thick and heavy. Next is from G on the second line to A above the staff, which gives off a warm and prominant sound. Then the range from B above the staff to E has a thin but clearn tone characteristic. Finally the range from high F to E has a very pinched and ineffective tone. Also [Fr.] Hautbois, [Ger.] Oboe or Hoboe, [It.] oboe.
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Last Updated: 2017-12-06 11:15:16
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