Definition and background:
Electronic instrument introduced in the 1920's by Maurice Martenot. It produces a single tone with a variable pitch. It is classified as an electrophone. an electronic instrument invented by the French musician Maurice Martenot, produces single sounds by means of a keyboard that controls the frequencies from an oscillator. It has a wide range and offers the possibility of glissando. It became popular among French composers
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary