Definition and background:
The use of several patterns or meters simultaneously, a technique used in 20th century compositions. music that uses several different rhythms at the same time. This has long been a common practice in the ethnic music of many cultures, particularly in African music
More than one rhythm or time signature being played at the same time, such as 3 against 2.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary