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Music Term: Rackett

R
R & b
R-dat
R.
R.h.
R.i.m. (or rim system)
Ra
Rabab
Rabbia
Rack
Rack ears/rack flanges
Rack mount
Rack space
Rack tom
Rack toms
Rackett
Raddolcendo
Raddoppiare
Radel
Radiation
Radiation pattern
Radical bass
Radio frequencies
Radleyer
Raffrenando
Raga
Ragini
Ragtime
Railroad tracks
Rain stick
Rainstick
Raking
Rall.
Rallentando
Rallentando or rall.
Ram
Ramp wave
Random note generator
Random phase
Range
Rank
Rant
Rap
Rapidamente
Rapido
Rarefaction
Rasa
Rasch
Rasgado, rasqueado
Rasik
Rastrum
Ratchet
Rated load impedance
Ratsche
Rattenando, rattenuto
Rattenuto
Rattle
Rattle idiophone
Rauscher
Ravvivando
Rca plug (jack)
Re
Re bemol
Re bemolle
Re diese
Re diesis
Re sostenido
Re-generation
Reactance
Read
Read head
Read only memory
Ready
Real answer
Real, tonal
Realize
Reason
Rebec
Rebube
Recall
Recapitulation
Recercada, recercar
Recessional
Recht
Recit
Recital
Recitational
Recitative
Recitativo
Reco
Recognize
Record calibration control
Record equalization
Record head
Record level
Record monitor
Record ready
Recorder
Recording buss
Recording chain
Recording group
Recording session
Recording solo
Recordist
Recoupe
Recueilli
Red notes
Redonda
Redowa, rejdowak
Reduction
Reed
Reed cap
Reed instruments
Reel
Reel lock
Reel motor
Reexposition
Reference level
Reference tones
Reflected sound
Reflection
Refrain
Regal
Reggae
Regina caeli laetare
Regisseur
Register
Registration
Regulated power supply
Reigen
Reigenlied
Reine stimmung
Reisado
Rejouissance
Related
Related keys
Relative key
Relative pitch
Relay
Relay rack
Release
Release time
Religioso
Relish
Remettez
Remixer
Remote
Remote hi-hat
Remote key
Remote keys
Renaissance
Renforcer
Renshu
Renversement
Repeat
Repeat echo
Repeat sign
Repeat signs
Repente
Repercussion
Repertoire
Repertory
Repetenda
Repeticion
Repetiteur
Repetition
Replacement dialogue
Replica
Repons
Reponse
Reprise
Requiem
Requiem mass
Res facta
Rescue opera
Residual magnetization
Residual noise
Resin
Resistance
Resistor
Resolution
Resonance
Resonant
Resonant drumhead
Resonant frequency
Resonanzsaiten
Resonate
Resonator
Resonator box
Respond
Response
Responsorial
Responsorial singing
Responsory
Ressortir
Rest
Restatement
Restez
Rests
Retardation
Retenu
Retirada
Retransition
Retreat
Retrograde
Returns
Reveille
Reverb
Reverb time
Reverb time contour
Reverberant field
Reverberation
Reverberation chamber
Reverberation envelope
Reverberation time
Reverse motion
Rewind
Rf interference
Rf, rfz
Rhapsody
Rhetoric and music
Rhumba
Rhyme
Rhyme, musical
Rhythm
Rhythm and blues
Rhythm guitar
Rhythm section
Rhythm track(s)
Rhythmic mode
Rhythmic modes
Ri
Ribattuta
Ribbon microphone
Ribibe, ribible
Ribs
Ricercar, ricercare, ricercata, recercada
Ricercare
Ricochet - saltato - saltando
Ride (ride cymbal)
Ride cymbal
Riding faders
Ridotto
Riduzione
Riff
Rigadoon
Rigaudon
Right hand
Rigore
Rilasciando
Rim
Rim curvature, mouthpiece
Rim shot
Rim thickness, mouthpiece
Rim, mouthpiece
Rimshot
Rinforzando
Rinforzare
Ring out a room
Ringing
Ripieno
Riposato, riposo
Riprendere
Ripresa
Rise time
Rishabha
Risoluto
Rispetto
Risposta
Risvegliato
Rit.
Ritardando
Ritardando, ritard., rit.
Ritardano
Riten.
Ritenuto
Ritenuto, riten., rit.
Ritmo
Ritornello
Ritornello form
Ritournelle
Riverso, rivolto
Rms detecting
Robustamente, robusto
Rock band
Rock music
Rock n' roll
Rock'n'roll
Rocket theme
Rococco
Rococo style
Rohrblatt
Rohrstimmen
Roll
Roll rudiments
Roll-off
Rolled chord
Rollschweller
Roman numeral analysis
Romance
Romance, romanze, romanza
Romantic
Romantic era
Romantic music
Romanza
Ronde
Rondeau
Rondelet
Rondellus
Rondo
Room equalization
Room sound
Room tone
Root
Root mean square
Root position
Rosalia
Rosin
Rosin, resin
Rota
Rotary control
Rotary valve
Rotating head
Rote
Roto-toms
Rotrouenge
Rotta, rotte, rota
Rotte
Rotulus
Roulade
Round
Round sound
Rounded
Roundelay
Rovescio
Row
Rozhok
Ruan
Rub board
Rubab
Rubato
Ruckpositif
Rucksichtslos
Rudiment
Rudiment solo (or rudimental solo)
Rudimental drumming
Rudimental roll
Rudiments
Rueda
Ruff
Ruffles and flourishes
Ruggedness
Ruggiero
Ruhig
Rumba
Rumble
Run
Run off
Rupak tal
Russian bassoon
Russian horn
Russian school
Rustico
Rute
Ruvido
Rv
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1-9

Rackett
Definition and background:
An organ stop played at the sixteen-foot pitch with a gentle tone and distinctive timbre. The resonators were not of a consistent shape or material from organ to organ but they were always short. This stop was common on small northern European organs and on the secondary manuals of large organs at the end of the 16th century. RACKETT Aerophone, Woodwind, Double reed The rackett is an instrument that was used in the Renaissance and Baroque eras. The early racketts (used in the late 16th and early 17th centuries) evolved into a slightly different instrument by the early 18th century. The early racketts were often produced in four sizes; Descant, Tenor-alt, Bass, and Great Bass and used a pirouette to partially encase the double reed. By the early baroque era, the pirouette was replaced by a bocal to allow the double reed to be fully exposed. The baroque version was also known as the Wurstfagott, sausage bassoon, or pocket bassoon. Both renaissance and baroque racketts are shaped like soda cans, but had different configurations for the double reeds. The early ( renaissance) rackett had a pirouette that partially encased the double reed. The pirouette is a small cylinder connected to the top of the rackett and had a double reed placed inside, similar to the reed cap of a shawm or crumhorn. The reed cap of the crumhorn fully encased the reed and put it outside the performer's direct control. With the shawm, the performer's lips pressed against the pirouette with the reed vibrating inside the mouth. The pirouette of the rackett, however, allowed the performer's lips to control the reed while being supported to create the loose embouchure needed to play the low pitches. The double reed is fairly wide, about the size of a modern bassoon reed.The baroque instrument was similar in shape to the canister body of the renaissance rackett, however, the double reed was exposed on the end of a bocal (similar to the modern bassoon, oboe and English horn). The performer vibrates the double reed by placing it between the lips and blowing with the double reed vibrating in the chamber of the mouth.The renaissance rackett consists of nine parallel cylindrical bores through a single piece of wood or ivory, joined at the top and bottom by the end caps. The end caps join the tubes in an alternating manner, creating one continuous tube. This, in effect, creates an instrument with the inner tube nine times longer than the instrument itself. Eleven (or more) finger holes were drilled through the body to intersect the various bores at the appropriate places and some racketts have tiny brass tubes extending from the instrument's body for the performer's fingers or thumbs. The outlet of the central bore is at the bottom of the instrument and the other end of the central bore connects to a double reed through the top of the instrument's body. The double reed is set inside a pirouette.The later baroque rackett was built in a similar fashion, but had ten pseudo- conical bores with the reed mounted on a bocal emerging from the central bore. The extra tubing created a lower- pitched instrument. This type of racket bassoon dates from c. 1700, and was built in one size only (bass). Many of the improvements to the rackett are attributed to Johann Christoph Denner (16551707).Because of the length of the tube resulting from the compact, the size of the rackett is amazingly small compared to its low pitch. The two types of rackett ( renaissance and baroque) sound quite different from each other. The renaissance rackett, with only nine bores (nine times the length of the instrument) sounds similar to a large crumhorn. The baroque rackett, with 10 bores (ten times the length of the instrument) sounds much deeper and similar to a bassoon. Since the bore diameter is relatively narrow (about 6 mm), the sound of the rackett is very soft, and is close in sound to that of a comb and paper (or kazoo), but can also produce a louder sound that has a buzzing character.The rackett plays about an octave and a-half (typically a twelfth) on fundamental notes, and can be overblown for higher pitches. The cylindrical bore of the renaissance rackett causes it to overblow at the twelfth, and the baroque rackett overblows at the octave. It also sounds one octave lower than written.The range of the early racketts varied by size. The range of the Descant was from G to d 1; the range of the Tenor-Alt was from C to g; the range of the Bass was F 1 to c; and the Gross Bass range was from D 1 to A or C 1 to G.Renaissance Rackett See also [Fr.] cervelas; or cervelat; [Ger.] Ranckett; or Rackett.Baroque Rackett Also [Fr.] cervalat a musique; or bassoon a serpentine; [Ger.] Rackettenfagott; Stockfagott; or Wurstfagott; [Eng.] racket bassoon; pocket bassoon; or sausage bassoon.
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Last Updated: 2017-12-18 05:23:08
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