Definition and background:
A vibration state where sound waves travelling within the instrument and reflected at each end combine so that at certain positions they cancel to create a pressure node (q.v.), while at others they add to create a pressure antinode (q.v.). A sustained sound on a brass instrument requires standing waves
An acoustic signal between two reflective surfaces with a distance that is an even multiple of one-half of the wavelength of the signal's frequency.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary