Definition and background:
A large instrument of the lute family with an extended neck and two sets of strings. One set of strings is fretted and fingered like those of the standard lute, the second, longer set of strings is tuned to the diatonic scale and designed to be played unstopped. The theorbo was in use from the 16th to the 18th centuries.
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Wikipedia - Glossary of Musical Terminology
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary